# Numbers

Integers and floats to rule the world!
There are two basic kinds of numbers in CFML: integers (whole numbers) and floats (have a decimal point). Internally, each CFML engine treats them uniquely and backs up each numerical value as a Java class: `java.lang.Double` or `java.lang.Integer`.
Type
Size (bits)
Min Value
Max Value
`Integer`
32
-2,147,483,648 (-231)
2,147,483,647 (231 - 1)
Type
Size (bits)
Significant Bits
Exponent Bits
Decimal Digits
`Double`
64
53
11
15-16
Lucee stores all numerical values as Doubles
Adobe stores integers as Integer and floats as Doubles
Tip: If you are dealing with currency or tracking precision, please read about `precisionEvaluate()` to represent big numbers and precision results: https://cfdocs.org/precisionevaluate
a = 1;
b = 50.1;
writeOutput( a * b );
Also, note that CFML will do the auto-casting for you when converting between integers and doubles.

## Numeric Type

Once we start looking at functions/closures and lambdas, you will see that you can also type the incoming arguments and results of functions. You also won't need to type it with integer or float, just as `numeric:`
numeric function add( numeric a, numeric b ){
return a + b;
}

## Operators & Functions

CFML offers tons of mathematical operators and functions: https://cfdocs.org/math%2Dfunctions
 abs aCos arrayAvg arraySum aSin atn bitAnd bitMaskClear bitMaskRead bitMaskSet bitNot bitOr bitSHLN bitSHRN bitXor ceiling cos decrementValue expt fix floor formatBaseN incrementValue inputBaseN int log log10 max min pi precisionEvaluate rand randomize randRange round sgn sin sqr tan

## Casting/Parsing

CFML also has a `toNumeric()` function that you can use to cast a value to a number using different radixes.
toNumeric( "29.5" )
toNumeric( "FF0011", "hex" )
toNumeric( "1010", "bin" )
The `parseNumber()` is also used to convert a string number into a numeral system (https://cfdocs.org/parsenumber)
In a positional numeral system, the radix or base is the number of unique digits, including the digit zero, used to represent numbers. For example, for the decimal system (the most common system in use today) the radix is ten, because it uses the ten digits from 0 through 9.

## Is it a number?

CFML provides the `isNumeric()` function to determine if the passed value can be converted to a numeric value.
isNumeric( 23 ) // yes
isNumeric( "twenty" ) // no
isNumeric( 5e2 ) // yes

## Repeating Instructions

Number variables can be used to repeat instructions. Like in many other languages, CFML supports the `for`, `while` and `loop` constructs:
for( var i = 0; i <= 10; i++ ){
writeOutput( "Showing day " & i );
}
i =1;
while( i <= 10 ){
writeOutput( "Showing day " & i++ );
}
Please note that the syntax varies from tag to script, so refer to the docs for subtle differences. Please also note that you can iterate over structures, arrays, queries, and objects in CFML; we will see this in later sections.