# Numbers

Integers and floats to rule the world!

There are two basic kinds of numbers in CFML: **integers** (whole numbers) and **floats** (have a decimal point). Internally, each CFML engine treats them uniquely and backs up each numerical value as a Java class: `java.lang.Double`

or `java.lang.Integer`

.

Type | Size (bits) | Min Value | Max Value |
---|---|---|---|

| 32 | -2,147,483,648 (-231) | 2,147,483,647 (231 - 1) |

Type | Size (bits) | Significant Bits | Exponent Bits | Decimal Digits |
---|---|---|---|---|

| 64 | 53 | 11 | 15-16 |

Lucee stores all numerical values as Doubles

Adobe stores integers as Integer and floats as Doubles

**Tip: **If you are dealing with currency or tracking precision, please read about `precisionEvaluate()`

to represent big numbers and precision results: https://cfdocs.org/precisionevaluate

Also, note that CFML will do the auto-casting for you when converting between integers and doubles.

## Numeric Type

Once we start looking at functions/closures and lambdas, you will see that you can also type the incoming arguments and results of functions. You also won't need to type it with integer or float, just as `numeric:`

## Operators & Functions

CFML offers tons of mathematical operators and functions: https://cfdocs.org/math%2Dfunctions

abs | aCos | arrayAvg |

arraySum | aSin | atn |

bitAnd | bitMaskClear | bitMaskRead |

bitMaskSet | bitNot | bitOr |

bitSHLN | bitSHRN | bitXor |

ceiling | cos | decrementValue |

expt | fix | floor |

formatBaseN | incrementValue | inputBaseN |

int | log | log10 |

max | min | pi |

precisionEvaluate | rand | randomize |

randRange | round | sgn |

sin | sqr | tan |

## Casting/Parsing

CFML also has a `toNumeric()`

function that you can use to cast a value to a number using different radixes.

The `parseNumber()`

is also used to convert a string number into a numeral system (https://cfdocs.org/parsenumber)

In a positional numeral system, the radix or base is the number of unique digits, including the digit zero, used to represent numbers. For example, for the decimal system (the most common system in use today) the radix is ten, because it uses the ten digits from 0 through 9.

## Is it a number?

CFML provides the `isNumeric()`

function to determine if the passed value can be converted to a numeric value.

## Repeating Instructions

Number variables can be used to repeat instructions. Like in many other languages, CFML supports the `for`

, `while`

and `loop`

constructs:

Please note that the syntax varies from tag to script, so refer to the docs for subtle differences. Please also note that you can iterate over structures, arrays, queries, and objects in CFML; we will see this in later sections.

See https://cfdocs.org/cfloop, https://cfdocs.org/cfwhile for more information

Last updated